Senin, 10 Oktober 2011



The Eiffel Tower is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. The tower has become a global icon of France and is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The Parisian landmark is the tallest structure in Paris and one of the most recognized structures in the world and is named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel.


The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World's Fair marking the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. The structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7,300 tons. Depending on the ambient temperature the top of the tower may shift away from the sun by up to 18 cm (7 in) due to thermal expansion of the metal on the side facing the sun. The tower also sways 6-7 cm (2-3 in) in the wind.



The tower was inaugurated on 31 March 1889, and opened on 6 May. Three hundred workers joined together 18,038 pieces of puddled iron (a very pure form of structural iron), using two and a half million rivets, in a structural design by Maurice Koechlin. The risk of accident was great, for unlike modern skyscrapers the tower is an open frame without any intermediate floors except the two platforms. Yet because Eiffel took safety precautions including use of movable stagings, guard-rails and screens, only one man died.



At the time the tower was built many people were shocked by its daring shape. Gustave Eiffel was criticised for the design and accused of trying to create something artistic, or inartistic according to the viewer, without regard to engineering. Eiffel and his engineers, as renowned bridge builders however, understood the importance of wind forces and knew that if they were going to build the tallest structure in the world they had to be certain it would withstand the wind.


Since the beginning of the 20th century, the tower has been used for radio transmission. Until the 1950s, an occasionally modified set of antenna wires ran from the summit to anchors on the Avenue de Suffren and Champ de Mars. They were connected to long-wave transmitters in small bunkers; in 1909, a permanent underground radio centre was built near the south pillar and still exists today. On 20 November 1913 the Paris Observatory, using the Eiffel Tower as an antenna, exchanged sustained wireless signals with the United States Naval Observatory which used an antenna in Arlington, Virginia.


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Ditemukan, Sarkofagus Terpenting 3.500 Tahun


London – Mumi ini awalnya dikira hanya berusia 2.400-2.600 dan tak penting. Namun, seorang pengunjung mengenalinya dan mengatakan sarkofagus itu berusia lebih tua.
Kuator Torquay Museum Barry Chandler mengatakan, “Dr Aidan Dodson dari Bristol University melihat desain dan menyadari sarkofagus ini berasal dari ‘era emas’ Mesir atau masa Akhenaten dan Tutankhamun”.

The Egyptian coffin had lain unheralded in a seaside museum for decades - before a visiting academic pointed out that it was much older than anyone had realised
Tak hanya itu, sarkofagus ini mengindikasikan dibuat untuk anak berstatus tinggi, kemungkinan keluarga kerajaan.
"Dari detail mata, lutut dan lainnya, peti mati ini jauh lebih tua dari perkiraan. Ini seribu tahun lebih tua dan untuk keluarga status tinggi atau kerajaam,” lanjutnya.
The coffin's inhabitant is a four-year-old boy - 'aged' using dentistry in a CT scan five years ago. The museum knew the coffin had been reused, but did not know how old it was
Dr Aidan Dodson dari Bristol University akhirnya memeriksa artefak ini dan menemukan, peti mati ini berasal dari 3.500 tahun silam dari masa Thutmose II atau dinasti Mesir ke-18 seperti ditulis DM.

Details such as the inlaid eyes revealed that the 4ft 1in (1.2m) coffin dated back to between 1525 and 1470BC - far older than the four-year-old inside it

A CT scan of the boy - known by museum staff as Psamtek - revealed he was around three or four years old. Sarcophagi made for children are even more rare

Lady Winaretta Leeds , daughter of sewing machine heir Paris Singer gifted the mummy to the museum in 1956
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Seni Lukis di Bulu Angsa

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9 character JAVA_HEROES ( Versi Indonesia )

1.GARUDA Legend Saint

2.GATOT KACA Legend Saint

3.BARONG Legend Saint

4.BIMA Legend Saint

5.HANOMAN Legen Saint

6.LEMBU SURO Legend Saint

7.TAKSAKA Legend Saint

8.RANGDA Legend Saint

9.ARJUNA Legend Saint

gmana gan versi superhero indonesia ini menurut agan agan

sumber :
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